Igor Stravinsky

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский) (17th June 1882 – 6th April 1971) was a Russian composer who first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Serge Diaghilev and performed by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes (Russian Ballet): L'Oiseau de feu ("The Firebird") (1910), Petrushka (1911), and Le sacre du printemps ("The Rite of Spring") (1913). Stravinsky's compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity. After his first, Russian (expressionistic), phase he turned in the 1920s to neoclassicism. The works from this period tended to make use of traditional musical forms (concerto grosso, fugue, symphony), frequently concealed a vein of intense emotion beneath a surface appearance of detachment or austerity, and often paid tribute to the music of earlier masters, for example J.S. Bach, Verdi and Tchaikovsky. In the 1950s he adopted serial procedures, using the new techniques over the final twenty years of his life to write works that were briefer and of greater rhythmic, harmonic, and textural complexity than his earlier music. Their intricacy notwithstanding, these pieces share traits with all of Stravinsky's earlier output; rhythmic energy, the construction of extended melodic ideas out of a few cells comprising only two or three notes, and clarity of form, instrumentation, and of utterance. Stravinsky only started using the twelve-tone system after the death of Schoenberg in 1951. At that time dodecaphony was a well-known and widely spread system that was generally accepted as a valuable 'replacement' of the tonal system. Therefore, some musicologists thought it wiser to consider the serial works of Stravinsky as a sort of neo-dodecaphony, meaning that they are also conceived as "neoclassical". Stravinsky achieved fame as a pianist and conductor, often at the premieres of his works. He was a writer and compiled, with the help of Alexis Roland-Manuel, a theoretical work entitled Poetics of Music, in which he famously claimed that music was incapable of "expressing anything but itself". Several interviews in which the composer spoke to Robert Craft were published as Conversations with Stravinsky. They collaborated on five further volumes over the following decade. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.

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Introduction
Russian Dance
Dance of the Firebird
Finale
Berceuse
Fourth Tableau: Police and the Juggler
Tango
Dance of the Earth
Variation de l'oiseau de feu
Danse infernale du roi Kastchei
The Firebird Suite *: Finale
Mock Abduction
Daybreak
Le baiser de la fee (The Fairy's Kiss): Scene II
Spring Round Dances
Dance of Kashchei's retinue under the spell of the Firebird
The Augurs of Spring
The Firebird Suite: Finale
Games of the Rival Tribes
The Shrove-tide Fair
Ritual of the Ancestors
The Rite Of Spring
Violin Concerto in D Major: i. Toccata
The Rite of Spring: Part One: Adoration of the Earth: Introduction
Le Sacre Du Printemps (The Rite of Spring) (1943 version): Part 1: L'adoration De La Terre
Orpheus, Ballet In Three Scenes 03:07
Symphony In C: Moderato Alla Breve
Petrushka's Room
Summoning of the Ancestors
The Charlatan's Booth
Appearance of the Firebird
Orpheus, Ballet In Three Scenes 02:09
Symphonies of Wind Instruments
Waltz: The Ballerina and the M
Petrushka
The Firebird Suite: Introduction
Gipsies' Dance
The Firebird - Introduction
Adoration of the Earth
Lullaby (The Firebird)
Round Dance of the Princesses
The Masqueraders
Procession Of The Wise Elder
L'Oiseau de Feu (The Firebird): Danse infernale de tous les sujets de Kastchei - Excerpt 1910 Version
Suite italienne (Version for Cello & Piano): II. Serenata
The Firebird Suite *: Firebird: Lullaby
Game of the princesses with the golden apples
Valse
The Rite Of Spring: Part Two: The Sacrifice: Sacrificial Dance (The Chosen One)
Renard

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